Understanding Different Types of Scars

Burlington, Toronto, Thornhill, Therapeutic Aesthetics, Therapeutic Aesthetics Medical Spa, Medical Clinic, GTA Medical Clinics

A scar is a mark left on the skin or other tissues of the body after a wound or injury has healed. It is a natural part of the body’s healing process and occurs when the dermis, the deeper layer of the skin, is damaged. Scars can vary in appearance, texture, and color, depending on factors such as the severity of the injury, the individual’s healing process, and the location of the scar. They can be flat, raised, sunken, or have a different color than the surrounding skin. Scars are permanent but may fade and become less noticeable over time.


Normal Scars: These are the typical scars that form after a wound or injury has healed. They may appear flat, pale, or slightly darker than the surrounding skin. Over time, normal scars may become less noticeable.

Hypertrophic Scars: These scars are characterized by their raised and thickened appearance. They often remain within the boundaries of the original wound and may be red, pink, or purple. Hypertrophic scars form from an overproduction of collagen during the healing process.

Keloid Scars: Similar to hypertrophic scars, keloid scars are raised and can extend beyond the boundaries of the original wound. They are more common in individuals with darker skin tones and are caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue. Keloid scars can be itchy and painful and may continue to grow.

Atrophic Scars: Unlike hypertrophic and keloid scars, atrophic scars are characterized by depression or indentation in the skin. They often occur as a result of tissue loss during the healing process. Examples of atrophic scars include ice pick, boxcar, and rolling scars.

Contracture Scars: These scars occur when the skin is severely damaged and leads to the tightening of the surrounding tissue. Contracture scars can limit movement and may even affect underlying muscles and nerves. They commonly occur as a result of burns.

Scars are a natural part of the healing process, but their appearance can concern many individuals. Understanding the types of scars and their characteristics can help you determine suitable treatment options for scarring. Non-surgical treatments can help reduce the appearance of scars.